The Kinh or Viet, the most predominant ethnic, accounts for 87% of the population in Viet Nam. They live in most of the country such as the alluvial plains delta of Red River and Mekong River. The Kinh use the official language of Vietnam, Vietnamese, as the main language. This language was created by Spanish missionaries in the second half of the 19th century. However, depending on the region, Vietnamese are pronounced and used in different ways by the Kinh making the diversity of language. In Vietnam society, the Kinh have been played the vital part in Vietnamese culture and tradition as well as developing the economy.

Economic Features of the Kinh

The farmer growing rice on the fieldsThe farmer growing rice on the fields

The farmer growing rice in the fields

For thousands of years, the Kinh have developed one of the greatest agricultural civilizations in Asia. Planting wet rice is the number one field in Vietnamese agriculture contributing to the second largest rice exporting country all over the world for Vietnam. Compared with other ethnic groups, the Kinh people’s farming reached a higher level of efficiency. They have built a lot of dike systems and dug canals which help the farmers control water resources to have advantages in different fields of agriculture such as growing plants and sericulture. Besides, the Kinh are good at raising cattle, poultry, fish and catching seafood. In addition, pottery and handicraft production has been very developed and up to now well-known worldwide. Nowadays, in the market economy and international economic integration, the Vietnamese government also heavily invested fields of industry and services. The Kinh take the lead in the industrialization and modernization of Vietnam.

Customs & Habits of the Kinh

Traditionally, Kinh people, through thousands of generations, have lived together in a harmony under the village. There exist some of their own rules in the villages and communes each that everyone must implement. Banian trees, wells, and roofs of the communal houses are familiar images of the village. In which, a communal house is a place for gathering and conducting common ritual ceremonies on worshiping Village Deity, who was considered as a village’s guardian deity.

Village in Vietnam where Kinh people live and work together

Village in Vietnam where Kinh people live and work together

Habits of chewing betel, thuoc lao (Vietnamese tobacco), drinking tea, and eating ordinary rice are the special cultural line in the living of ancient Viet people. The husband is traditionally played the role of the head in the family. Children were taken the family name of their father. The eldest son or the youngest son is often assigned to the most responsibility for the worship of dead parents and grandparents. This is up to who parent live with. Additionally, each family lineage maintains a temple for their forefathers and the head of the family lineage handles all common affairs here. The Viet always respect monogamy. They are very faithful to wife/husband. Homosexual relationships are currently accepted by the government in Vietnam in 2015. Beside, the Viet have the diverse religion and belief including Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Christianity, etc.

The Kinh’s Costume

The woman in ao dai - the traditional costume of Vietnam

The woman in ao dai – the traditional costume of Vietnam

In general, among all ethnic groups in Vietnam, the Kinh have the most modern costume. They gained and influenced by Western fashion as well as the cultural wave of Korean fashion, Japanese, Chinese. They often update hot trends very fast. In spite of that, the position of Aodai is impossible to replace with The Kinh. Aodai is the traditional costume of the Kinh and also regarded as the country’s traditional clothes in Vietnam. In Aodai, Vietnamese woman is discreet, decent. This image is not only loved by Vietnam but also created a deep impression with foreign tourists. Men used to wear a long gown with slits on the side either and a turban, meanwhile women worn “ao tu than” (four-panel traditional dress) with four slits divided equally on its lower section. Nevertheless, the Kinh prefer to wear modern custom for active, convenient. They wear a traditional costume on special occasions.

The Kinh’s Culture

The old man’s literary capital is quite large: has oral literature (the fairy, folk songs, proverbs), have written in the literature (poetry, immortalized, the books). The art of early development and achieving a high level of multifaceted: singing, music, sculpture, painting, dance, talk. The Kinh have still conserved a huge collection of literature which includes old tales, folk ballads, and proverbs, fairy tale, music, sculpture, painting, dance, and oratorio are also the owner of time-honored history.

The Kinh’s Cuisine

The daily meal of the Kinh

The daily meal of the Kinh

The Kinh’s culinary has many similarities to Vietnamese cuisine which is richness and diversity with the processing, enjoying dishes natural characteristics, activities, production, and habits in different regions each. However, rice remained a key role in meals and sauces are indispensable components of every tray of a Vietnamese family.

The cuisine of the Kinh has different in each region dishes but there are similarities, harmony, and creating unified cuisine, unique. The beauty of a culinary culture that always need to be stored and promotion forever to enriching the colorful picture of the ethnic groups of Vietnam.