Phu Tho Province
Phu Tho is midland province located in the northern mountainous, about more 100 km from Hanoi. It shares border with Yen Bai and Tuyen Quang on the north, Vinh Phuc on the east, Ha Tay on the south east, Son La on the west, Hoa Binh on the south. Its topography is mainly mountainous. Phu Tho has three major rivers flowing through: the Red River (Thao River), Lo and Da River. The average annual temperature is around 23.4 º C.
Phu Tho is an ethnic origin land of Vietnam where the Hung Kings have found the Van Lang - the first country of Vietnam, Phong Chau district as the capital. Phu Tho has bright culture for a long time. The archaeological culture Son Vi, Dong Dau, Lang Ca and many pagodas, lentils, mausoleums around the mountainous area Nghia Linh, Phong Chau that is a cultural center land of the nation. This is the land of many festivals, notably the anniversary of Hung King Festival (10 / 3 lunar calendar). The ethnic minorities also have the cultural characteristics of its own: The Muong have more narrative poems, folk songs, proverbs... Vietnamese people have traditional folk song of xoan sing, sing for teasing...
Hung King’s relic
Location: Located in Nghia Linh Mountain, Hy Cuong Commune, Lam Thao District, Phu Tho Province.
Characteristics: The temple was built in the 15th century, legendary said that this is the place where the eldest son of Lac Long Quan and Au Co became the king and took the alias Hung Vuong, naming the country Van Lang. Relic temple is a complex architecture on Mount Nghia Linh intensive seriously. This temple located 84km far from Hanoi along National Highway No. 2 to Viet Tri City, go about 10km to the junction, 3km turn left. Historical relic temple consists of Ha Temple and Pagoda; Water Well Temple, Middle Temple, Thuong Temple, King Hung Tomb.
Ha Temple: From the foot of Hung Mount, turn over Dai Mon (great gate temple ), climb over 225 stairs made out of bricks, we will come to Ha Temple Pagoda (Thien Quang pagoda). The temple was built in the 15th century; a legend said that this is the place where hundred eggs of Au Co were born, hundreds of children were hatched out. Au Co leaded 50 children to the mountains, Lac Long Quan leaded 49 children into the sea, leaving his eldest son became the king named Hung Vuong, his capital in Phong Chau, naming the country Van Lang. There is a cycad tree in front of the temple, where President Ho Chi Minh on his way to take over the capital had a talk to soldiers of the pioneer army "The Hung Kings had built the country, we must have together protect the country. "
Ha Temple was rebuilt on the old ground in the XVII – XVIII century. "Binary" letter style architecture consists of two courts and harems, three rooms in each court, separated by 1.5 m.
Middle Temple (Hung Vuong Temple): From Ha Temple climbing 168 stone steps to the Middle Temple. Legend said that this is the place where the Hung Kings and the Generals sightseeing natural excursions and meetings. Here, the 6th Hung King had ceded the throne to Lang Lieu – a pious child had made Chung cake. The temple was built of “Nhat” letter type with 3 back to the South, 7.2 m long and 3.7 m wide. Part house roof is 1.8 m high, with no columns.
Thuong Temple: From Middle temple climbing over 102 stone steps to the upper temple, where Kings Hung held the festival to kowtow Heaven and Earth, Mountain and Rice Deity. This is also the place where Thuc Phan was given the throne after the 18th Hung King, he swore up a pillar to look after the temple and preserve the industrial base that is located in Hung Mountain. Legend has said that during the Hung Vuong, Hung Kings on Mount Nghia Linh often conduct religious rites of heaven and earth worship of agricultural inhabitants, rice stem church, praying for good weather, lush crops.
King Hung Tomb: The legend about the grave of Hung King number 6. Tomb is located in the east of Thuong Temple, at the foot of the dam facing the Southeast. In the period of Khai Dinh in July (1922), it was restored square tomb, consecutive column wall is curved 8 corners sword, forming two penthouses. 4 corners up are 4 dragons; the dragons are curved into the upper cover. Three faces West, East and South have full surround, two side doors were covered unicorn surrounded by a fence, decorated by stone materials. The tomb of Hung King is in the mausoleum with 1.3 m long, 1.8 m wide and 1.0 m high
Wells Temple: From the tomb comes down, the temple is at the foot of the mountain to the southeast. Ngoc well (jade water well) is always filled up blue water of all four seasons around the years. Tien Dung and Ngoc Hoa Temple, daughters of the 18th Hung King often brushed hair and look in the mirror in the well. Today, near Cong Quan. Hung Vuong Museum was built relatively large displays many artifacts in Hung Vuong period. Wells Temple gate was built in the eighteenth century; the main gate was designed similar but smaller and lower. Downstairs, there is a door between arch style buildings; the two sides have two pillars. The two sides have started the parallel sentences. The back side carved tiger. Every year, there are many visitors coming to Hung Temple, especially on March, 10th lunar year. Visitors not only have a chance to take part in Hung Temple festival with a lot of traditional games, but also sightseeing the beautiful landscape of Hung King relic.