My Son Sanctuary – the ruin of a fallen holy land once belongs to the ancient Champa kingdom – bears a significant value of Vietnam’s history and culture. This architecture was recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage Site in 1999.

The complex of My Son Santuary where tells the stories of Champa Kingdom

The complex of My Son Santuary where tells the stories of Champa Kingdom

Location
My Son Sanctuary is located within a small valley in the Duy Phu Commune, Quang Nam Province, around 40km from Hoi An city and 70km from Danang City. Tourists are recommended to book a day tour which can cover at least two of these three tour destinations.

Feature
Centuries ago, My Son used to be a spiritual centre for worshipers under the reign of the Kingdom of Champa. Now, eventhough half of the temples have collapsed under the crush of time, the complex still remains quite structured with 25 vestiges, covering an area of 142 ha. This religious monument is divided into five different sections. All of the buildings reflect great cultural influences from India, with walls of stone pillars and fired bricks. Archeologists suggest that kalan – the central tower – posed as a emblem of the high mountain; bhurloka – the decorated stone base – is a symbol of the mankind on Earth; and bhuvakola – the main tower – rises above all.

History

Statues on the wall of My Son Santuary

Statues on the wall of My Son Santuary

From the 7th to 15th century, there existed a ethnic group of Cham people, who owed their origin to the Malay race and their religious belief to the Indian Hinduism. They formed the root of the ancient Champa kingdom, in which the dramatic series of towering temples of My Son was the political capital.
As the mysterious history was unraveled, researchers have recorded the stone stele and discovered the foundation of this complex was a temple of the Siva Bhadresvera genie. In the end of the 16th century, a disastrous fire consumed the temple. Record on the stone stele led scientist to the conclusion that My Son was once a holy palace of the Champa kingdom. Despite the disappearance of Cham people, there culture marks still remain in many parts of Vietnam.